The oral cavity, its mucous membrane and lymphoid tissues of the maxillofacial region play an important role in the interaction of the human body with the environment.
Microorganisms that live in the oral cavity, on the one hand, contribute to the digestion of food and the synthesis of vitamins, on the other - form products that damage dental tissue.
Practical doctor must be proficient in the procedure of examination of dental patients and, first of all, the oral cavity and teeth. Fully conducted examination of the patient allows you to establish not only the localization and nature of the pathological process, that is, to justify the diagnosis, but also to provide for the further course of the disease, it’s likely outcome. Based on the results of the examination of the patient, the doctor chooses the tactics of treatment, establishes indications and contraindications to various therapeutic measures.
Research methods in clinical dentistry include interviewing the patient, examination (both external and oral cavity), examination of the oral cavity and teeth, as well as peri maxillary soft tissues, sensing, percussion, palpation. Methods based on the use of X-ray, electrical donometry, laboratory and others are additional, as sometimes the diagnosis can be made without their use. For diseases of the mucous membrane and periodontal use special methods of research.